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Current Research Results

History of science and the emotions

History of Emotions

Dror, O. E., Hitzer, B., Laukötter, A., & León-Sanz, P. (Eds.). (2016). History of science and the emotions [Special issue]. Osiris, 31(1).

What new insights become available for historians when “emotions” are included as an analytical category? This volume of Osiris explores the historical interrelationships between science and its cultures and cultures of emotions. It argues that a dialogue between the history of emotions and the history of science leads to a rethinking of our categories of analysis, our subjects, and our periodizations.

Cover Osiris

On the role of psychological heuristics in operational research; and a demonstration in military stability operations

Adaptive Behavior and Cognition

Keller, N., Katsikopoulos, K. V. (2016). On the role of psychological heuristics in operational research; and a demonstration in military stability operations. European Journal of Operational Research, 249, 1063—1073.

Psychological heuristics are formal models for making decisions that are easy to understand, apply and explain. This article presents the conditions under which psychological heuristics perform on par with or even better than more complex standard models and discusses the role that psychological heuristics can play in theory and practice of operational research (OR).

 European Journal of Operational Research

Boosting medical diagnostics by pooling independent judgments

Adaptive Rationality

Kurvers, R. H. J. M., Herzog, S. M., Hertwig, R., Krause, J., Carney, P. A., Bogart, A., et al. (in press). Boosting medical diagnostics by pooling independent judgments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. doi:10.1073/pnas.1601827113

Despite its potential to revolutionize decision making in a wide range of domains, including medical, economic, and political decision making, at present, little is known about the conditions underlying collective intelligence in real-world contexts. The team of researchers here focuses on two key areas of medical diagnostics, breast and skin cancer detection.

Artikel in PNAS

Repeated structural imaging reveals non-linear progression of experience-dependent volume changes in human motor cortex

Lifespan Psychology

Wenger, E., Kühn, S., Verrel, J., Mårtensson, J., Bodammer, N. C., Lindenberger, U., & Lövdén, M. (2016). Repeated structural imaging reveals non-linear progression of experience-dependent volume changes in human motor cortex. Cerebral Cortex. Advance online publication.
doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhw141

Evidence for experience-dependent structural brain change in adult humans is accumulating. However, its time course is not well understood, as intervention studies typically consist of only two imaging sessions (before vs. after training). We acquired up to 18 structural magnetic resonance images over a 7-week period ...

Articel Cerebral Cortex

Masked morphological priming in German-speaking adults and children: Evidence from response time distributions

MPRG "Reading Education and Development (REaD)"

Hasenäcker, J., Beyersmann, E., & Schroeder, S. (2016). Masked morphological priming in German-speaking adults and children: Evidence from response time distributions. Frontiers in Psychology, 7: 929.
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00929

In this study, we looked at masked morphological priming effects in German children and adults beyond mean response times by taking into account response time distributions. We conducted an experiment comparing suffixed word primes (kleidchen-KLEID), suffixed nonword primes (kleidtum-KLEID), nonsuffixed nonword primes (kleidekt-KLEID) ...

Masked morphological priming in German-speaking adults and children: Evidence fr

About the Institute

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How Effective Is Brain-Gaming?

The assertation that older people can improve their general cognitive performance and guard against dementia by playing brain games is not scientifically grounded. More than 70 leading scientists from all over the world have published a statement about this.

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Study Participation

We are continually looking for participants who wish to take part in our psychological surveys. If you are interested, you can have your details registered in our contact database.

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