Azzurra Ruggeri


Leader of the Max Planck Research Group iSearch - Information Search, Ecological and Active Learning Research with Children

Professor for Information Search, Ecological and Active Learning Research with Children at the TUM School of Education of the Technical University of Munich


Phone: +49 30 82406-268

Short CV

Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellow, December, 2013 – November, 2016, University of California, Berkeley

Fei Xu, Tania Lombrozo, Alison Gopnik
Ph.D. in Psychology, December, 2012, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Gerd Gigerenzer, Konstantinos Katsikopoulos 
Thesis: Opening Up the Cuebox: A Developmental Perspective
Ph.D. in Cognitive Science, June, 2012, University of Siena
Advisor: Alessandro Innocenti, 
Thesis: New perspectives on children development: Tracing causes, generating hypothesis, making tragic choices.
M.A. in Philosophy, July, 2008, Decision Making and Philosophy of Science, University of Pisa

Advisor: Tiziano Raffaelli
, Thesis: Bounded Rationality and Fast and Frugal Heuristics

Research Interests:

My research focuses on how children and adults actively search for information when making decisions, drawing causal inferences and solving categorization tasks. Search strategies, as any other kind of strategies, are not always effective, because their usefulness and performance depends on the characteristics of the problem presented. In this sense, I am interested in how adaptive children and adults’ search for information strategies are, how sensitive and responsive they are to the structure of the tasks. I am especially interested in how actively searching for information, being able to generate the information we are interested in and to focus on what we consider most relevant, can impact our learning, understanding and explanations.

Selected Literature:

Ruggeri, A., Sim, Z. L., & Xu, F. (in press). "Why is Toma late to school again?" Preschoolers identify the most informative questions. Developmental Psychology.

Ruggeri, A., Gummerum, M., Luan, S., & Keller, M. (in press). The influence of adult and peer models on children’s and adolescents’ sharing decisions. Child Development.

Ruggeri, A., Lombrozo, T., Griffiths, T. L., & Xu, F. (2016) Sources of developmental change in the efficiency of information search. Developmental Psychology, 52(12), 2159-2173. doi:10.1037/dev0000240

Horn, S. S., Ruggeri, A., & Pachur, T. (2016). The development of adaptive decision making: Recognition-based inference in children and adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 52(9), 1470–1485. doi:10.1037/dev0000181

Markant, D. B., Ruggeri, A., Gureckis, T. M., & Xu, F. (2016). Enhanced Memory as a Common Effect of Active Learning. Mind, Brain, and Education, 10(3), 142–152. doi: 10.1111/mbe.12117

Ruggeri, A., & Lombrozo, T. (2015). Children adapt their questions to achieve efficient search. Cognition, 143, 203–216. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2015.07.004

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