Ethik und Governance Künstlicher Intelligenz

Leitfrage: Wie sollten sich Maschinen verhalten?

Wissenschaftler*innen:

Edmond Awad

Mengchen Dong

Nils Köbis

Anne-Marie Nussberger

Indrajeet Patil

Dieser Themenschwerpunkt untersucht die psychologischen und sozialen Faktoren, die das Vertrauen von Menschen in intelligente Maschinen beeinflussen. Wie reagieren Menschen, wenn Vertrauen in Maschinen verletzt wird? Welches Verhalten wünschen wir uns von Maschinen?  Und wie kann dieses gesellschaftlich ausgehandelt und durchgesetzt werden?

Ausgewählte Publikationen

Rahwan, I., Crandall, J. W., & Bonnefon, J.-F. Intelligent machines as social catalysts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(14), 7555-7557 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2002744117

Epstein, Z., Levine, S., Rand, D. G., & Rahwan, I. (2020). Who gets credit for AI-generated art? iScience23(9), Article 101515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2020.101515

Awad, E., Dsouza, S., Bonnefon, J. F., Shariff, A., & Rahwan, I. (2020). Crowdsourcing moral machines. Communications of the ACM63(3), 48–55. https://doi.org/10.1145/3339904

Köbis, N., & Mossink, L. D. (2020). Artificial intelligence versus Maya Angelou: Experimental evidence that people cannot differentiate AI-generated from human-written poetry. Computers in Human Behavior114, Article 106553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106553

Awad, E., Dsouza, S., Shariff, A., Rahwan, I., & Bonnefon, J.-F. (2020). Universals and variations in moral decisions made in 42 countries by 70,000 participants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(5), 2332-2337. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911517117

Awad, E., Levine, S., Kleiman-Weiner, M. et al. Drivers are blamed more than their automated cars when both make mistakes. Nat Hum Behav 4, 134–143 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-019-0762-8

Ishowo-Oloko, F., Bonnefon, J., Soroye, Z. et al. Behavioural evidence for a transparency–efficiency tradeoff in human–machine cooperation. Nat Mach Intell 1, 517–521 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s42256-019-0113-5        

Rahwan, I., Cebrian, M., Obradovich, N. et al. Machine behaviour. Nature 568, 477–486 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1138-y

Awad, E., Dsouza, S., Kim, R. et al. The Moral Machine experiment. Nature 563, 59–64 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0637-6

Crandall, J.W., Oudah, M., Tennom et al. Cooperating with machines. Nat Commun 9, 233 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02597-8

Rahwan, I. Society-in-the-loop: programming the algorithmic social contract. Ethics Inf Technol 20, 5–14 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10676-017-9430-8

Shariff, A., Bonnefon, J. & Rahwan, I. Psychological roadblocks to the adoption of self-driving vehicles. Nat Hum Behav 1, 694–696 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-017-0202-6

Bonnefon, J.-F., Shariff, A., & Rahwan, I. The social dilemma of autonomous vehicles. Science. 352(6293), 1573–1576 (2016). doi:10.1126/science.aaf2654

 

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