Research Area I

Opportunity Structures of School and Individual Development in Adolescence and Young Adulthood


Research Area I investigates the effects of educational systems, schools, and instruction on the development of knowledge and skills, motivational structures, and social resources, as well as the prerequisites for successful transition to secondary school, and from secondary school to university or vocational training. Two large-scale longitudinal studies form the basis for this research program. The Learning Processes, Educational Careers, and Psychosocial Development in Adolescence and Young Adulthood (BIJU) study was initiated in 1991 with a sample of more than 5,000 13-year-olds. Data from six measurement points are now available for the main cohort. The longitudinal Transformation of the Upper Secondary School System and Academic Careers (TOSCA) study was initiated in 2002 as an extension to the BIJU study, with further assessments being carried out in 2004 and 2006. In 2005, instruments developed for BIJU and TOSCA in collaboration with Prof. Lehmann and Prof. Köller from the Humboldt University of Berlin were used in the LAU 13 study on aspects of student learning in grade 13.

Work on the BIJU and TOSCA projects also inspired the Transition 2007 study on Transition from Primary to Secondary School: Regional, Social, and Ethnic/Cultural Disparities in Educational Equity, which is the principal focus of Research Area II. The ELEMENT8 study, which examines the transition to secondary level in Berlin and performance gains in different secondary school types, forges a further link between Research Areas I and II.

Key References

Baumert, J., Trautwein, U., & Artelt, C. (2003). Schulumwelten - institutionelle Bedingungen des Lehrens und Lernens. In J. Baumert et al. (Hrsg.), PISA 2000: Ein differenzierter Blick auf die Länder der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (pp. 261-331). Opladen: Leske + Budrich.

Lüdtke, O., Robitzsch, A., Trautwein, U., & Köller, O. (2007). Umgang mit fehlenden Werten in der psychologischen Forschung: Probleme und Lösungen. Psychologische Rundschau, 58, 103-117.

Trautwein, U., Köller, O., Lehmann, R., & Lüdtke, O. (Hrsg.). (2007). Schulleistungen von Abiturienten: Regionale, schulformbezogene und soziale Disparitäten. Münster: Waxmann.

Trautwein, U., & Lüdtke, O. (2007). Students' self-reported effort and time on homework in six school subjects: Between-student differences and within-student variation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99, 432-444.