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Lael Schooler

Assoziierter Wissenschaftler

Akademischer Steckbrief: 

PhD in Cognitive Psychology, 1993, Carnegie Mellon University

contact: lael [dot] schooler [at] gmail [dot] com

Forschungsinteressen: 
  • Adaptation of human memory to the statistical structure of the environment
  • Computational models of human memory and decision making

Ausgewählte Literatur: 
  • Please contact sekgigerenzer(at)mpib-berlin.mpg.de for reprints that cannot be downloaded
  • Luan, S., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (accepted). A Signal Detection Analysis of Fast-and-Frugal Trees. Psychological Review.
  • Volz, K. G., Schooler, L. J., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2010). It just felt right: The neural correlates of the fluency heuristic. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 829-837
  • Katsikopoulos, K. V., Schooler, L. J., & Hertwig, R. (2010, September 6). The Robust Beauty of Ordinary Information. Psychological Review. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0020418
  • Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). From Recognition to Decisions: Extending and Testing Recognition-Based Models for Multi-Alternative Inference. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 17, 287-309.
  • Morais, A. S., Olsson, H., & Schooler, L. (2010). Ways of probing situated concepts. Behavior Research Methods, 42, 302-310.
  • Marewski, J. N., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Five principles for studying people's use of heuristics. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 42, 72-87
  • Pachur, T., Mata, R., & Schooler, L. J. (2009). Cognitive aging and the use of recognition in decision making. Psychology and Aging, 24, 901-915.
  • Pachur, T., Mata, R., Schooler, L.J. (in press). Cognitive Aging and the Adaptive Use of Recognition in Decision Making. Psychology & Aging.
  • Morais, A. S., Olsson, H., & Schooler, L. (in press). Ways of probing situated concepts. Behavior Research Methods.
  • Gaissmaier, W., & Schooler, L. J. (2008). The smart potential behind probability matching. Cognition. 109, 416-4221.
  • Hertwig, R., Herzog, S. M., Schooler, L. J., & Reimer, T. (2008). Fluency heuristic: A model of how the mind exploits a by-product of information retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 1191–1206.
  • Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L.J., & Mata, R. (2008). An ecological perspective to cognitive limits: Modeling environment-mind interactions with ACT-R, Judgment and Decision Making, 3, 278-291.
  • Mata, R., Schooler, L.J., & Rieskamp, J. (2007). The Aging Decision Maker:Cognitive Aging and the Adaptive Selection of Decision Strategies.Psychology and Aging, 22, 796-810.
  • Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L.J., & Rieskamp, J. (2006). Simple predictions fueled by capacity limitations: When are they successful? Journal of Experimental Psychology, 32 (5), 966-982. - PDF[info]
  • Volz, K. G., Schooler, L. J., Schubotz, R. I., Raab, M., Gigerenzer, G., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2006). Why you think Milan is larger than Modena: Neural correlates of the Recognition Heuristic. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1924-1936.
  • Schooler, L. J., & Hertwig, R. (2005). How forgetting aids heuristic inference. Psychological Review, 112, 610–628. - PDF[info]
  • Schooler, L. J., & Shiffrin, R. M. (2005). Efficiently measuring recognition memory performance with sparse data. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 37, 3-10.
  • Schooler, L. J., Shiffrin, R. M., & Raaijmakers, J. G. W. (2001). Theoretical note: A Bayesian model for implicit effects in perceptual identification. Psychological Review, 108, 257-272. - PDF[info]
  • Schooler, L. J., & Anderson, J. R. (1997). The role of process in the rational analysis of memory. Cognitive Psychology, 32 (3), 219-250. - PDF[info]
  • Anderson, J. R., & Schooler, L. J. (1991). Reflections of the environment in memory. Psychological Science, 2, 396-408. - PDF[info]

Alle aufklappen Curriculum Vitae

zuklappen Publikationen

Fechner, H. B., Pachur, T., Schooler, L. J., Mehlhorn, K., Battal, C., Volz, K. G., & Borst, J. P. (2016). Strategies for memory-based decision making: Modeling behavioral and neural signatures within a cognitive architecture. Cognition, 157, 77-99. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2016.08.011
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Stevens, J. R., Marewski, J. N., Schooler, L. J., & Gilby, I. C. (2016). Reflections of the social environment in chimpanzee memory: Applying rational analysis beyond humans. Royal Society Open Science, 3(8):16029314. doi:10.1098/rsos.160293
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Schooler, L. J. (2015). When does a Bayesian approach to memory modeling help? In J. G. W. Raaijmakers, A. H. Criss, R. L. Goldstone, R. M. Nosofsky, & M. Steyvers (Eds.), Cognitive modeling in perception and memory: A Festschrift for Richard M. Shiffrin (pp. 201-211). Hove: Psychology Press.

Luan, S., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). From perception to preference and on to inference: An approach-avoidance analysis of thresholds. Psychological Review, 121, 501-525. doi:10.1037/a0037025
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Morais, A. S., Schooler, L. J., Olsson, H., & Meder, B. (2014). From causal models to sound heuristic inference. In P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Program of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1036-1041). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Pachur, T., Schooler, L. J., & Stevens, J. R. (2014). We'll meet again: Revealing distributional and temporal patterns of social contact. PLoS ONE, 9(1): e86081. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086081
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Dimov, C. M., Marewski, J. N., & Schooler, L. J. (2013). Constraining ACT-R models of decision strategies: An experimental paradigm. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Cooperative minds: Social interaction and group dynamics. Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2201-2206). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Helversen, B. v., Schooler, L. J., & Czienskowski, U. (2013). Are stripes beneficial? Dazzle camouflage influences perceived speed and hit rates. PLoS ONE, 8(4):e61173. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061173
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Morais, A. S., Olsson, H., & Schooler, L. J. (2013). Mapping the structure of semantic memory. Cognitive Science, 37, 125-145. doi:10.1111/cogs.12013
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Neth, H., Czienskowski, U., Schooler, L. J., & Gluck, K. (2013). Making robust classification decisions: Constructing and evaluating Fast and Frugal Trees (FFTs). In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Cooperative minds: Social interaction and group dynamics. Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 43-44). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Pachur, T., Schooler, L. J., & Stevens, J. R. (2013). When will we meet again? Regularities of social connectivity and their reflections in memory and decision making. In R. Hertwig, U. Hoffrage, & the ABC Research Group, Simple heuristics in a social world (pp. 199-224). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Stevens, J. R., Pachur, T., & Schooler, L. J. (2013). Rational analysis of the adaptive and predictive nature of memory. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 2, 251-253. doi:10.1016/j.jarmac.2013.10.006
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Mata, R., Pachur, T., Helversen, B. v., Hertwig, R., Rieskamp, J., & Schooler, L. J. (2012). Ecological rationality: A framework for understanding and aiding the aging decision maker. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 6:19. doi:10.3389/fnins.2012.00019
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Pachur, T., Todd, P. M., Gigerenzer, G., Schooler, L. J., & Goldstein, D. G. (2012). When is the recognition heuristic an adaptive tool? In P. M. Todd, G. Gigerenzer, & the ABC Research Group, Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world (pp. 113-143). New York: Oxford University Press.

Schooler, L. J., Burgess, C., Goldstone, R. L., Fu, W.-T., Gavrilets, S., Lazer, D., Marshall, J. A. R., Neumann, F., & Wiener, J. M. (2012). Search environments, representation, and encoding. In P. M. Todd, T. T. Hills, & T. W. Robinns (Eds.), Cognitive search: Evolution, algorithms, and the brain (Strüngmann Forum Reports No. 9) (pp. 317-333). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Schooler, L. J., Hertwig, R., & Herzog, S. M. (2012). How smart forgetting helps heuristic inference. In P. M. Todd, G. Gigerenzer, & the ABC Research Group, Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world (pp. 144-166). New York: Oxford University Press.
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Luan, S., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). A signal-detection analysis of fast-and-frugal trees. Psychological Review, 118, 316-338. doi:10.1037/a0022684
(Reprinted in Decision, Supplementary Issue (2013), 24-55.)
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Marewski, J. N., & Schooler, L. J. (2011). Cognitive niches: An ecological model of strategy selection. Psychological Review, 118, 393-437. doi:10.1037/a0024143
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Morais, A. S., Olsson, H., & Schooler, L. J. (2011). Does the structure of causal models predict information search? In B. Kokinov, A. Karmiloff-Smith, & N. J. Nersessian (Eds.), European perspectives on cognitive science. Sofia: New Bulgarian University Press.
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Pachur, T., Todd, P. M., Gigerenzer, G., Schooler, L. J., & Goldstein, D. G. (2011). The recognition heuristic: A review of theory and tests. Frontiers in Cognitive Science, 2:147. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00147
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Stevens, J. R., Volstorf, J., Schooler, L. J., & Rieskamp, J. (2011). Forgetting constrains the emergence of cooperative decision strategies. Frontiers in Psychology, 1:235. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00235
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Cokely, E. T., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Information use for decision making. In M. N. Maack & M. J. Bates (Eds.), Encyclopedia of library and information sciences (3rd ed., pp. 2727-2734). New York: Taylor & Francis.
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Katsikopoulos, K. V., Schooler, L. J., & Hertwig, R. (2010). The robust beauty of ordinary information. Psychological Review, 117, 1259-1266. doi:10.1037/a0020418
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Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). From recognition to decisions: Extending and testing recognition-based models for multialternative inference. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 287-309. doi:10.3758/PBR.17.3.287
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Marewski, J. N., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Five principles for studying people's use of heuristics. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 42, 72-87. doi:10.3724/SP.J.1041.2010.00072
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Morais, A. S., Olsson, H., & Schooler, L. J. (2010). Ways of probing situated concepts. Behavior Research Methods, 42, 302-310. doi:10.3758/BRM.42.1.302
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Volz, K. G., Schooler, L. J., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2010). It just felt right: The neural correlates of the fluency heuristic. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 829-837. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.05.014
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Wong, T. J., Cokely, E. T., & Schooler, L. J. (2010). An online database of ACT-R parameters: Towards a transparent community-based approach to model development. In D. D. Salvucci & G. Gunzelmann (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cognitive Modeling (pp. 282-286). Drexel University.
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Cokely, E. T., Parpart, P., & Schooler, L. J. (2009). On the link between cognitive control and heuristic processes. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2926-2931). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Do voters use episodic knowledge to rely on recognition? In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2232-2237). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Pachur, T., Mata, R., & Schooler, L. J. (2009). Cognitive aging and the adaptive use of recognition in decision making. Psychology and Aging, 24, 901-915. doi:10.1037/a0017211

Gaissmaier, W., & Schooler, L. J. (2008). The smart potential behind probability matching. Cognition, 109, 416-422.
Full text

Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., & Mata, R. (2008). An ecological perspective to cognitive limits: Modeling environment-mind interactions with ACT-R. Judgment and Decision Making, 3, 278-291.

Hertwig, R., Herzog, S. M., Schooler, L. J., & Reimer, T. (2008). Fluency heuristic: A model of how the mind exploits a by-product of information retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 1191-1206. doi:10.1037/a0013025
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 541-560, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Keysers, C., Boyd, R., Cohan, J., Donald, M., Güth, W., Johnson, E., Kurzban, R., Schooler, L. J., Schooler, J., Spelke, E., & Trommershäuser, J. (2008). Explicit and implicit strategies in decision making. In C. Engel & W. Singer (Eds.), Better than conscious? Decision making, the human mind, and implications for institutions (pp. 225-258). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Schooler, L. J. (2008). Marr, memory, and heuristics. In C. Engel & W. Singer (Eds.), Better than conscious? Decision making, the human mind, and implications for institutions (pp. 207-222). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Mata, R., Schooler, L. J., & Rieskamp, J. (2007). The aging decision maker: Cognitive aging and the adaptive selection of decision strategies. Psychology and Aging, 22, 796-810.
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 455-473, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)

Todd, P. M., & Schooler, L. J. (2007). From disintegrated architectures of cognition to an integrated heuristic toolbox. In W. D. Gray (Ed.), Integrated models of cognitive systems (pp. 151-164). New York: Oxford University Press.

Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., & Rieskamp, J. (2006). Simple predictions fueled by capacity limitations: When are they successful? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 32, 966-982.

Volz, K. G., Schooler, L. J., Schubotz, R. I., Raab, M., Gigerenzer, G., & Cramon, D. Y. v. (2006). Why you think Milan is larger than Modena: Neural correlates of the recognition heuristic. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1924-1936.
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 524-539, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Receptive memory in judgment and decision making. In M.-L. Käsermann & A. Altorfer (Eds.), Über Lernen: Ein Gedankenaustausch (pp. 67-79). Bern: EditionSolo.

Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., Dieckmann, A., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Don't vote against the recognition heuristic. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou, & M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 2524). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
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Schooler, L. J., & Hertwig, R. (2005). How forgetting aids heuristic inference. Psychological Review, 112, 610-628.
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 84-107, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Schooler, L. J., & Shiffrin, R. M. (2005). Efficiently measuring recognition performance with sparse data. Behavior Research Methods, 37, 3-10.

Ritter, F., & Schooler, L. J. (2001). The learning curve. In N. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (pp. 8602-8605). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Schooler, L. J. (2001). Rational theory of cognition in psychology. In N. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (pp. 12771-12775). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Schooler, L. J., Shiffrin, R. M., & Raaijmakers, J. G. W. (2001). Theoretical note: A Bayesian model for implicit effects in perceptual identification. Psychological Review, 108, 257-272.

Wagenmakers, E. M., Zeelenberg, R., & Schooler, L. J. (2001). A criterion-shift model for enhanced discriminability in perceptual identification: A note on the counter model. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 7, 718-726.

Schooler, L. J., & Anderson, J. R. (1997). The role of process in the rational analysis of memory. Cognitive Psychology, 32, 219-250.

Anderson, J. R., & Schooler, L. J. (1991). Reflections of the environment in memory. Psychological Science, 2, 396-408.