Artificial Intelligence Ethics and Governance

Question: How should machines behave?


This theme explores the psychological and social mechanisms that shape people’s trust in intelligent machines, how people react when this trust is breached, and how desirable machine behavior can be agreed-upon and enforced.

Principal Investigator(s)

Iyad Rahwan

Researchers

Edmond Awad

Mengchen Dong

Nils Köbis

Anne-Marie Nussberger

Indrajeet Patil

Mahmoudreza Babaei

Selected Papers

Alfonseca, M., Cebrian, M., Anta, A. F., Coviello, L., Abeliuk, A., & Rahwan, I. (2021). Superintelligence cannot be contained: Lessons from Computability Theory. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 70, 65-76. https://doi.org/10.1613/jair.1.12202

Epstein, Z., Levine, S., Rand, D. G., & Rahwan, I. (2020). Who gets credit for AI-generated art? iScience, 23(9), Article 101515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2020.101515

Awad, E., Dsouza, S., Bonnefon, J. F., Shariff, A., & Rahwan, I. (2020). Crowdsourcing moral machines. Communications of the ACM, 63(3), 48–55. https://doi.org/10.1145/3339904

Köbis, N., & Mossink, L. D. (2020). Artificial intelligence versus Maya Angelou: Experimental evidence that people cannot differentiate AI-generated from human-written poetry. Computers in Human Behavior, 114, Article 106553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106553

Awad, E., Dsouza, S., Shariff, A., Rahwan, I., & Bonnefon, J.-F. (2020). Universals and variations in moral decisions made in 42 countries by 70,000 participants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(5), 2332-2337. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911517117

Awad, E., Levine, S., Kleiman-Weiner, M. et al. Drivers are blamed more than their automated cars when both make mistakes. Nat Hum Behav 4, 134–143 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-019-0762-8

Rahwan, I., Cebrian, M., Obradovich, N. et al. Machine behaviour. Nature 568, 477–486 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1138-y

Awad, E., Dsouza, S., Kim, R. et al. The Moral Machine experiment. Nature 563, 59–64 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0637-6

Rahwan, I. Society-in-the-loop: programming the algorithmic social contract. Ethics Inf Technol 20, 5–14 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10676-017-9430-8

Shariff, A., Bonnefon, J. & Rahwan, I. Psychological roadblocks to the adoption of self-driving vehicles. Nat Hum Behav 1, 694–696 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-017-0202-6

Bonnefon, J.-F., Shariff, A., & Rahwan, I. The social dilemma of autonomous vehicles. Science. 352(6293), 1573–1576 (2016). doi:10.1126/science.aaf2654

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